Veterinarian: the story of profession

PW Editor author
Published 2021-12-01
Veterinarian: the story of profession

A veterinarian is a specialist in animal diseases. According to statistics, most vet jobs are in the field of animal husbandry. Another, extensive area of ​​work is the treatment of domestic animals (mainly dogs and cats). In addition, some veterinarians specialize in wild animals, working in reserves.

Among other things, the veterinarian, together with the paramedic, is engaged in:

artificial insemination;reception of childbirth in females;surgical operations;taking samples and analyzes from the herd;vaccination and microchipping of young animals.

In private veterinary clinics, the duties of a veterinarian are about the same, but most often he deals with the following duties:

sterilization of cats and dogs;examination and appointment of treatment;surgical operations (including abdominal ones), treatment of fractures;cosmetic procedures, cleaning of fangs and haircut (grooming);parasite control, vaccination;advice on the sale of medicines, feed and products for animals;documentation, etc.

The profession of a veterinarian is very different from the work of a doctor. An animal, unlike a person, cannot tell what hurts him. Each of them needs its own approach, affection and special intuition. The veterinarian should be well versed in the habits of the animal, be able to distinguish the sick from the healthy, not only by external signs, but also by behavior.

In addition, the veterinary profession carries obvious risks: animal aggression, the likelihood of catching diseases or parasites.

In the ancient history

Veterinary medicine is an ancient industry. Attempts to treat animals have been made by man almost from the very moment he began to tame them. The goal was utilitarian: so that the diseased animal would continue to be useful and not infect the rest of the herd. The profession of an animal healer was in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, where there was a whole institute of hippiators (doctors who treated horses).

For centuries, knowledge about animal diseases has been superficial. In the Middle Ages, not every person could count on qualified medical care, and it was even worse for animals. And for a very long time, the same doctors (healers) that treated people were engaged in healing animals.

The first specialized veterinary school opened in modern times in France. The exact date of its appearance is also known - 1761. The educational institution was opened by Louis XV, who was concerned about the massive loss of livestock. Since this period, the treatment of animals has moved into a scientific direction.

Closer to the 20th century, veterinary medicine in most developed countries began to take on the shape and functions that we know now. Veterinarians, paramedics, laboratory services have appeared who control the epizootic situation in the country.